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Hip Fractures in Long-TermCare: Is the Excess Explained by the Age and Gender Distribution of the Residents?

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Richard G. Crilly, 1 ,*David A. Tanner, 2 Marita Kloseck, 3 and Bert M. Chesworth 4

Abstract

Introduction. This study compares hip fracture rates in Long Term Care (LTC) residents with those in the community to determine if their high rate of fracturing reflects the extreme age and predominantly female nature of that population. Methods. Hospital discharge data in London Ontario (population 350,000) and Statistics Canada data were used to correct the hip fracture rate in the LTC setting for age and gender. Results. The risk of hip fracture is 1.8 times greater in LTC than in the community for people of similar age and gender. The rate in women is 1.5 times higher whereas in men it is 4.3 times higher. In the oldest residents, the risk in men exceeds that of women in LTC. Conclusion. The high hip fracture rate in LTC is not just a reflection of the age and predominantly female nature of this population. The oldest men in LTC are a particularly high risk group, deserving more attention.

Resource: J Aging Res. 2010; 2010: 291258.