The efficacy and tolerability of the Beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron for the treatment of symptoms of overactive bladder in older patients
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mirabegron is a β3-adrenoceptor agonist developed for the treatment of symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). As the prevalence of OAB increases with age, a prospective subanalysis of individual and pooled efficacy and tolerability data from three 12-week, randomised, Phase III trials, and of tolerability data from a 1-year safety trial were conducted in order to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of mirabegron in subgroups of patients aged ≥65 and ≥75 years.
primary efficacy outcomes were change from baseline to final visit in the mean number of incontinence episodes/24 h and the mean number of micturitions/24 h. Tolerability was assessed by the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs).
over 12 weeks mirabegron 25 mg and 50 mg once-daily reduced the mean numbers of incontinence episodes and micturitions/24 h from baseline to final visit in patients aged ≥65 and ≥75 years. Mirabegron was well tolerated: in both age groups, hypertension and urinary tract infection were among the most common TEAEs over 12 weeks and 1 year. The incidence of dry mouth, a typical anticholinergic TEAE, was up to sixfold higher among the older patients randomised to tolterodine than any dose of mirabegron.
these analyses have demonstrated the efficacy of mirabegron over 12 weeks and the tolerability of mirabegron over 12 weeks and 1 year in OAB patients aged ≥65 and ≥75 years, supporting mirabegron as a therapeutic option in older patients with OAB.
Resource: Age Ageing. 2014 Sep;43(5):666-75.